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General Michael Collins The Tipperary Connection

To say the least it was vulgar and for TV viewers who already pay a television licence fee, it was speculative to the very point of extortion. It demonstrated truly the depth to which our TV hierarchy will condescend to acquire profit, which will go to feed the salaries of very mediocre celebrity presenters and their researchers, former who publicly admit that they should qualify for pay equal to that currently enjoyed by professional footballers.

I am referring of course to the recent cheaply produced documentaries which attempted to ascertain Ireland’s greatest person. Viewers, invited to vote for their favourite candidate, were duped into being charged nine times the standard telephone rate to have their choice recorded. These cheap productions were then repeated for licence paying viewers, at least twice over the past number of weeks, again with viewers of these shows expected to pay 60c to vote by text or by calling a premium number, to register their choice for the ‘Greatest Irish Person’ in history. The rate charged was nine times the cost of texting Liveline, the radio show hosted by Joe Duffy.

Research for this programming was bad, with Biographical facts omitted in some cases. In the case of James Connolly, the foundation of the Labour Party was demeaned and in the case of  the Irish revolutionary leader, Michael Collins, many important facts were suitably forgotten.

It was how they dealt with the greatest Irish man of them all, General Michael Collins, that vexed me mostly.

We here in Co.Tipperary are well versed with events at Béal na mBláth, (English Translation: Mouth of the Flowers) Co.Cork on that sad evening of August 22nd, 1922, so allow me to bring our TV hierarchy up to date.

Firstly, let me proclaim that Tipperary, as a county, has contributed more to our nations development and has more history per square mile to offer visitors, than any other county in Ireland. Regrettably, and despite no shortage of funding to those charged with marketing, we do not promote our historical assets to best tourism advantage.

When next you wend your way from Nenagh back towards Thurles, a small graveyard, which contains the fragmented ivy covered ruin of a small Norman Abbey, catches your eye, to the left and directly opposite Tyone Mill. To most passersby, this graveyard holds little significance in today’s world of celebrities, greedy power hungry politicians, bankers and spin doctors. Yet in this small graveyard lies the body of a man who once lived in our midst, keeping a guilty secret for some 28 years and indeed, if we believe those who knew him well, regretting his actions, right up until his death in 1950.

Denis ‘Sonny’ O’Neill

The man of whom I speak is Denis ‘Sonny’ O’Neill, the man responsible for the assassination of General Michael Collins on August 22nd, 1922, during the course of that fifteen to twenty minute gun battle at Béal na mBláth.

While historians continue to invent dubious conspiracy theories, mainly to sell their latest publications, it becomes more difficult to determine who fired the shot that took a most remarkable Irish man from our world. It is difficult to know, now, where truth ends and speculation begins, but sound logic and careful research points the blame clearly at the doorstep of Denis ‘Sonny’ O’Neill, the trained ex British army marksman and sniper, born possibly in Goggin near Bandon in 1888.

The group involved in this skermish of the 22nd consisted of Tom Hales, Jim Hurley, Dan Holland, Tom Kelleher, Sonny O’Neill, Paddy Walsh, John O’Callaghan, Sonny Donovan, Bill Desmond and Dan Corcoran. They had left their prepared ambush positions and were helping to clear the road and diffuse a mine before dispersing, when the noise of an approaching motorcycle and lorries were heard coming from the south.

As the anti-treaty forces retreated, a dum-dum bullet from an elephant gun, (latter was substituted by another rifle, by Sonny O’Neill, from a consignment of arms intended by Michael Collins to be sent northwards, to arm the Northern IRA,) entered the forehead of General Collins just below his left hairline. The bullet exited behind his right ear, removing part of his head, belying his own words “Yerra, they’ll never shoot me in my own county“. Embalmers later had to use several pounds of melted wax to fill in the space left by the bullet as it exited.

No one else lost their life on that fateful day and O’Neill was certain as he retreated that he had hit one of the pro-treaty forces. Unaware that the target he hit was Collins, O’Neill, on learning of Collins death the following morning, told James Kearney that he knew that it was him who had shot Collins, and Maurice ‘Moss’ Twomey from Clondulane, Fermoy, County Cork, Staff Commandant of the 1 Southern Division, also was aware of who was the assassin.  Ten years later O’Neill would also relate a full account to a trusted female friend, Kitty Teehan.

Cork Historian John Hourihan visits Denis ‘Sonny’ O’Neill’s Grave in Tyone, Nenagh, Tipperary.

Following Collins funeral, which saw an attendance of 500,000 mourners, the general feeling amongst O’Neill’s associates was that his life was now in danger if he remained in his native county of Cork, so O’Neill moved, arriving one night at the Paddy Ryan ‘Lacken’ homestead at Knockafune, Newport, and hiding out in a small remote house on Keeper Hill, where he continued to fight with local Tipperary Republicans against the Free State Army, until the end of hostilities. He would never return to his native county again.

About 1926 O’Neill took up residence, lodging at Rohan’s, Queen’s Street, Nenagh, Co Tipperary, where he met Mary Anne his future wife. He worked at the Tomkins Nursing home in the same street. A popular man locally, loving sports and in particular Greyhound racing, he was a founder member of the Fianna Fail Party in Nenagh and was elected to North Tipperary County Council.

Michael Collins devoted his life to honouring Ireland but Ireland has never properly honoured him. For 17 years, his remains lay in a simple plot in Glasnevin cemetery. In 1935, one of his former comrades, who had acquired money through a win in the Hospital Sweepstakes, bought a quarter of a ton of marble and both he and the Collins family fought for over four years, seeking permission to erect a simple cross over his burial plot.

The then Taoiseach Éamon de Valera finally relented, but with a number of stipulations. The cross was not to be of marble but rather limestone and should not cost more than £300. There was to be no publicity, just a simple inscription in Irish, which would be approved by Éamon de Valera himself. Only one relative, Collins brother Johnny, was allowed to be present at the memorial blessing ceremony. The blessing was indeed attended by his brother, with one priest, one altar boy, the foreman gravedigger and one other gravedigger who happened to be passing nearby the grave at the time.

In 1966 the then President of Ireland, Éamon de Valera stated: “It is in my considered opinion that in the fullness of time history will record the greatness of Michael Collins, and it will be recorded at my expense.

Celebrity greed has once again prevented us from honouring ‘Ireland’s Greatest Person’ in history.

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8 comments to General Michael Collins The Tipperary Connection

  • Rory Mac Mahon

    George George George….sometimes I get a vague bit of enjoyment out of reading this blog because it keeps me in touch with home but please less of the sensationalism.

    First of all no one was duped into voting via text or premium rate number. Much like shows such as Xfactor etc. people were well informed about how much a text to vote would cost. The union that I’m a member of sent me a text asking me to vote for James Connolly by texting a number but they were kind enough to also include the cost of texting the number in the message.

    As for the cost of texting, 9 times the cost of texting a normal number is a bit much. Depending on what type of plan one is signed up for a text could be free or up to about 10c + for a text so in reality texting the premium service to vote would be more like 6 or 7 times the cost of texting a normal number.

  • Hi Rory,
    Thanks for your comment.
    However look at this situation from another angle under the headline “If you have money you have an opinion”. In other words if you are unemployed with mortgage problems and money is tight, you will not vote. This scenario is hardly democratic in an organisation which is funded heavily by the public purse and this greed further widens the class divide. It’s rather like visiting our present hospital system which soon will ask at the check-in area “Are you a member of VHI or do you want to die.”
    I note you acknowledge that the standard rate was 60c while other service providers were charging up to €1.25, so my figure of 9 times the cost overall is fair.
    This method of funding programming is one of the many reasons our broadband in this country is rated about 13th in the world – With quality broadband we could use Skype – With Skype, telephone companies could no longer demand such exorbitant prices. Take a look at their annual profits and ask yourself why the delay in rolling out broadband. World wide Ireland is ranked 13th, Iceland is ranked 4th, South Korea tops the broadband leadership ranking for the second year in a row. Fourteen countries are already prepared for the “Internet applications of tomorrow”, such as high definition Internet TV and high quality video communications services (consumer telepresence) which are expected to become mainstream in just a few years time. Countries leading are: South Korea, Japan, Latvia, Sweden, Bulgaria, Finland, Romania, Lithuania, Netherlands, Hong Kong, Germany, Portugal, Denmark and Iceland. Where is Ireland? We are being controled by telephone companies making huge profits.

  • […] day had begun with an Irish Republican Army’s (IRA) operation, under the direction of Michael Collins and Richard Mulcahy, to assassinate the “Cairo Gang,“or “Special Gang,” and […]

  • […] Michael Collins had already received information from the local Catholic clergy that IRA Volunteers had engineered statues that would bleed at specific times and now ordered Dan Breen to contact and interview Walsh, to which Breen reluctantly agreed. Walsh was now taken to Dublin and interrogated by Breen, with Collins waiting in the next room. Both men agreed Walsh was a fake. Phil Shanahan, a pub owner in Dublin and whose premises was frequented by IRA members, was asked by Breen to drive “the visionary,” back to Templemore.  Collins now sent a courier to Tipperary to acquire one of these bleeding statues. The internal mechanism of an alarm clock was now found to be concealed inside the acquired statue, which was connected to fountain pen insert, and which containing a mixture of sheep’s blood and water. When the clock mechanism struck at certain times, it would send a spurt of blood from the statue, giving the impression that it was bleeding. According to an eye-witness, Collins took hold of one of the acquired statue and banged it off the side of his desk and out fell the works of the alarm clock. So ended the saga of the bleeding statues & local people, would soon learn that James Walsh had left for Australia. […]

  • […] a full list of personnel in the Free State Army originally led by General Michael Collins is being currently launched on-line, on the website of the Defence Forces’ Military […]

  • […] weeks, history lovers can view a full list of personnel in the Free State Army originally led by General Michael Collins is being currently launched on-line, on the website of the Defence Forces’ Military […]

  • […] of reported actual events that possibly changed Irish history. In 1921 Eamon de Valera ordered Michael Collins under sufferance, to travel to London, with the Irish delegation, to negotiate a Treaty that […]

  • Why Nenagh – Famous Connections | Nenagh Silent Film Festival

    […] Denis ‘Sonny’ O’Neill wasn’t born in Nenagh town or outside it, but he lived most of his life in a town that became a protector and an adopted home for an individual who actually changed Irish history. So who was Sonny O’Neill. Well, he’s none other than the person who dead the Irish patriot and Leader Michael Collins. The story goes that the anti-treaty forces had set up an ambush at Béal na Bláth on August 22nd 1922 to assassinate Collins. The ambush squad consisted of Tom Hales, Jim Hurley, Dan Holland, Tom Kelleher, Sonny O’Neill, Paddy Walsh, John O’Callaghan, Sonny Donovan, Bill Desmond and Dan Corcoran. Seemingly the squad had decided to disperse and were clearing the road as well as diffusing a roadside bomb, when the convey of vehicles that included Michael Collins came upon them. A gun battle ensued and as the anti-treaty forces retreated, a shot rang out from O’Neill’s weapon that entered Collins forehead and blasted a hole at the back of his head. Michael Collins was dead and Sonny was soon on the run. He eventually made it to North Tipperary and before long he took lodgings in Queens/Mitchell Street in Nenagh town, where he remained for the remainder of his life. His secret was kept safe by those that knew who he was in the town and he was even one of the founding fathers of the Fianna Fail party in North Tipperary. Sonny O’Neill is buried in Tyone Cemetery, Nenagh. […] http://nenaghsilentfilmfestival.wordpress.com/2013/07/29/why-nenagh-famous-connections/

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