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Sioux Indian Chiefs Suspects In Thurles Murder

Rachel Willoughby, PRO St. Mary’s Graveyard Project, Thurles, reports.

New possible evidence uncovered in 177 year old murder investigation.

A single shot Percussion Pocket Pistol recently uncovered on the grounds of St Mary’s Churchyard, Thurles, Co. Tipperary, may have been the weapon used to shoot dead the opulent landholder, land agent, brewer and tanner, Charles O’Keeffe, (latter husband of Alicia O’Keeffe) in 1838.

This Percussion Pocket Pistol, possibly of French origin, is of the type then used for self-defence, during the percussion gun period 1800 to 1850. The then popular cheap pistol, whose real manufacturers today are not known, was discovered above ground under a pile of large stones. The stones, latter which were once part of a 17th century boundary wall, had collapsed sometime back during the 1940’s and from the positioning of this find and the pistols present condition; same is believed to have been at sometime concealed within the actual collapsed stone wall.

gun

Project worker Mr Michael Kenehan examines the ‘Pocket Percussion Cap Pistol’ found in Thurles, Graveyard.

Mr Charles O’Keeffe (1775 – 1838) a Roman Catholic, was shot dead at close range by a male assassin, then believed to have been dressed in women’s clothing, on October 23rd 1838, just a short distance from St Mary’s Church front gates, close to his then tannery business premises.   A ball, fired at close range from an assassin’s percussion cap pistol, entered Mr O’Keeffe left shoulder, wounding him to the extent that he died a short time later.

It is understood that Mr. O’Keeffe had greatly irritated local peasantry by ejecting tenants for non-payment of rent from lands which he either owned or was the acting agent, e.g. the Meagher Estate, (today Thurles Golf Club) and lands held at Rossmult, Drumbane, Co. Tipperary, mortgaged for £1000 to Thomas and James Lenigan on December 22nd 1821). 

Within 25 yards from where the pistol was recently located, on the south side of St Mary’s graveyard, lies today the grave of the same Mr Charles O’Keeffe. His weather worn raised flat gravestone bears his Coat of Arms and the inscription; “Sacred to the repose of Charles O’Keeffe Esq., his life, distinguished by Justice and Truth, was devoted to the virtues of Parent, Citizen and Man, his death 23rd October 1838 deprived the poor of a friend; society of a benefactor.”

Certainly on the day of the shooting, the crack of the percussion cap pistol would have drawn the immediate attention of the then residents on St. Mary’s Avenue. The assassin or assassins had only two exits of escape, which would have taken them either westward, unto a busy Main Street (today named Cathedral Street) or alternatively through St Mary’s Church grounds eastwards unto a little populated Lime Kiln Lane (today known as Ikerrin Road). In using the latter means of escape did the assassin hide the single shot percussion cap pistol in a cavity in the 12ft, interior 17th century stone wall which then surrounded the graveyard? Why would such a weapon from this period be present, hidden in a graveyard wall?

Regrettably percussion pistols don’t talk and it is doubtful that we will ever uncover the real truth.

Who was responsible for the death of Charles O’Keeffe on October 23rd 1838?

The murder rate in Tipperary during this period was almost three times the national average. Secret Irish agrarian organisations / societies such as “Whiteboys”, (Irish: Buachaillí Bána) were common here in Tipperary in the 18th and through most of the 19th century. Local grievances relating to land eviction often saw “Whiteboys” threaten, beat and assassinate Landlords’ land agents.  Lesser agrarian grievances were dealt with, by “Whiteboys”, through the sending of threatening letters, the severing of animals hamstring tendons where livestock were known to be the property of Landlords or the levelling of ditches that often closed off common grazing land. Male members of the “Whiteboys” were known to dress with women’s outer garments over their clothing; their faces blackened with burnt cork, in an effort to conceal their true identity.

While numerous surnames were associated with O’Keeffe’s murder, mostly based on named persons who had quietly left the Tipperary area bound for America and elsewhere immediately following his death, his assassin or assassins were never brought to justice. Remarkable credible evidence however emerges some 17 years later, from America in 1855.

A sub-tribe of the American Sioux Indian Nation, the Brule (French meaning ‘burnt’ or “Burnt Thighs Nation,”) tribe, then residing in South Dakota, went on the warpath. Prior to the arrival of new European settlers they had mostly led a peaceful existence, but now following a breakdown of relations between both, they soon became involved in ever frequent skirmishes. In 1855, in response to a Brule robbery which ended in the deaths of three white male settlers, a cavalry officer in the U.S. Army General William Selby Harney (August 22nd, 1800 – May 9th, 1889), known to the native Brule tribe as “White Whiskers Harney,” had led a reprisal expeditionary force against the tribe, killing 85 of their warriors and taking many more captive.

Brule braves aware that they were no match for future expeditionary armed force and following a pow wow, now pressed for peace. A peace summit was arranged between both sides to air existing grievances. Though not part of any negotiating team, among those present at these peace talks was an Irish-born priest, Fr. Joseph Trecy. While the conference was in progress, Fr. Trecy heard a voice calling to him from amongst the Brule ranks; “Brathair, an bhfuil Gaeilge agat?” ( Translation -“Brother, can you speak Irish?”).  Looking into the assembled Brule delegation, which were fully decked out in war-paint and deerskin clothing, Fr. Trecy, who had left Ireland in 1835 at the age of 11, recalled enough Irish to answer the Indians question, and when the call was once again repeated he replied, “Ta, cuid de” (Translation – “Yes, some.”). 

A Brule Indian Chief now stepped out from amongst the Indian delegation and shook the priest’s hand. The Irish-speaking Brule Indian Chief, he soon learned, was actually a Tipperary man who, along with one other companion, was wanted in the 1838 killing of an Irish landlord in Co. Tipperary. These two men had fled from Ireland disembarking at New York, but had been tracked by authorities all the way to Missouri. In an effort to elude their possible captors, they had moved quickly north west to South Dakota and befriended Brule warriors, learned their language and had taken Squaws (Female Indian Woman) as their wives from among their newly adopted tribe. These Irishmen were reported by Fr Trecy to be in need of ‘Spiritual Nourishment’ and before long Fr. Trecy had baptised and married a further 40 Indian families, into the Roman Catholic faith.

Perhaps it was the ‘Seal of the Confessional’, who knows for certain, but Fr. Trecy refused to disclose the identities of the men from Tipperary or the name of the man they had killed. Because of his discretion these Tipperary fugitives were able to escape prosecution and continue on with their lives in their new country of adoption.

Around this period there were three recorded cases of the killing of landlords in Co. Tipperary. In two instances men were tried and hanged for these crimes, although a persistent rumour at the time suggested that others involved might have escaped. However in the case of the shooting of Charles O’Keefe in Thurles, while arrests were made, no suspects were ever charged.

It is therefore credible, by the process of elimination, that the “Brule Indian Chiefs”, now members of the American Sioux Nation from Co. Tipperary, were the same men who shot Charles O’Keefe on October 23th 1838.

The pistol, which has been examined by Thurles Gardaí, has now been returned and is presently on display at St Mary’s Famine Museum in Thurles, Co. Tipperary.

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Thurles Deaths

Mona O’Connell.

deathIt is with great personal sadness I learned of the death of Mrs Mona O’Connell, Clonomocogue, Loughmore, Templemore, Co Tipperary.

The earthly remains of Mrs O’Connell will repose at the residence of her daughter (Mrs Ann Dwan), Boharnamona, Thurles, Co Tipperary, this evening (Friday) from 5:00pm, with removal at 8:00pm to the Church of the Nativity of Our Lady, Loughmore, Thurles.

Funeral mass will take place tomorrow morning (Saturday) at 11:00am with burial afterwards in the adjoining cemetery.

Family flowers only please, donations if desired to the Community Hospital of the Assumption, Thurles, Co Tipperary.

Go ndéana Dia trócaire ar a anam dílis.

Josephine Dillon 

It is with sadness we learn of the death of Mrs Josephine Dillon (née Leahy), Chapelizod, Dublin and formally Thurles, Co. Tipperary.  Mrs Dillon passed away peacefully yesterday (August 20th 2015) at Maryfield Nursing Home Chapelizod.

Beloved wife of the late William and mother of the late John, Mrs Dillon’s passing is most deeply regretted by her loving siblings Jane, Mary, David and Hugh, her  daughters-in-law, sons-in-law, her cherished grandchildren, nieces, nephews and all her relatives and friends.

Prayers on Sunday evening (August 23rd) at 6.30pm at Maryfield Nursing Home. Funeral Mass on Monday (August 24th) at 11.45am in Maryfield Nursing Home Chapel, followed by burial in Esker Cemetery.

Family flowers only please. All enquires to Fanagans, Donnybrook on Tel: 01 215 3980.

Go ndéana Dia trócaire ar a anam dílis.

Tom Johnson

It is with great sadness also we learn of the death, on August 20th, 2015, of Mr Tom Johnson, 3 Bellevue, Thurles, Co. Tipperary.

Mr Johnson passed away peacefully at the Regional Hospital Limerick and his passing is deeply regretted by his loving wife Eileen, daughters Annette and Fiona, son Michael, grandchildren Eimear, Nicola and Aidan, son-in-law Tim, brothers Dick and Gerard, sisters-in-law, nephews, nieces, relatives, neighbours and friends.

Mr Johnson’s earthly remains will repose at his home this evening from 4:00pm to 8:00pm, with removal on Saturday morning to the Cathedral of the Assumption, Thurles, to arrive at 10.15am for Requiem Mass at 11:00am. Following Mass interment will take place in St. Patrick’s Cemetery Moyne Road Thurles.

Note: House private on Saturday morning please.

Go ndéana Dia trócaire ar a anam dílis.

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Death Of Sarah Slattery, The Glebe, Thurles

With Sincere Sympathy

With Sincerest Sympathy

It is with great personal sadness I learned of the death on Tuesday August 18th 2015 of Miss Sarah Slattery, No. 19, The Glebe, Thurles, Co. Tipperary.

The sudden passing of Miss Slattery is most deeply regretted by her loving son Adam, her parents Paddy (Pat) and Mary Ann, her brother David, her sister Laura, grandmother Ellen, aunts, uncles, relatives and many friends.

Funeral arrangements

The earthly remains of Miss Slattery will repose at Egans’ Funeral Home today, Thursday August 20th, from 5:00pm to 7:00pm, before arriving to the Baptist Church, Graigue, Moycarkey, at 7.45pm.

Her funeral service will take place on Friday morning at 11:00am, followed by burial afterwards in St. Patrick’s Cemetery, Moyne Road, Thurles, Co. Tipperary.

Go ndéana Dia trócaire ar a anam dílis.

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Guaranteed Cure For The Winter Flu Bug

cut-glass-bowlMiss Biddy O’Houlihan, the retired church organist, was now in her eightieth year and despite several offers of marriage, had never succumbed to the need of selecting a husband. Throughout the community of Thurles, down through the years, she was much revered for her genuine kindness and generosity.  Indeed her excellent flower arrangements for weddings were most highly regarded for being either very reasonably priced or, in the majority of cases, not priced at all, thus further enhancing her popularity from a local perspective.

One afternoon a member of the local clergy came to pay her a courtesy visit and was shown into her quaint, tidy, sitting room. As was her normal courtesy shown to visitors, Biddy invited the Priest to ‘take a seat’, while she would leave him for a moment to ‘put on the kettle’.

As Biddy set about buttering a couple of her much sought after fresh ‘Sultana Scones’, the Priest sunk his rear end into the bright tapestry covered armchair to which he had been directed, sitting facing the old, well polished Hammond organ. His gaze was immediately drawn to a Waterford cut-glass bowl half filled with water, which sat top centre on this shiny musical instrument. Well, to be honest it was not the cut-glass bowl which first caught his attention; rather it was the object which floated on the water which this bowl contained.

The Priest, not surprisingly became immediately perplexed, after all what would a single lady her eightieth year be doing with a condom, (yes a real condom), in plain sight of the public’s view, floating in a bowl of water on Miss Biddy’s favoured musical contraption.

His thoughts were soon interrupted by the soft short steps of Miss Biddy returning; balancing a tray, laden with tea and steaming hot buttered scones. Miss Biddy began to chat, while the Priest struggled to stifle his curiosity regarding this bowl of water and its rather strange ‘floating object’.

He tried his very best to concentrate on the current conversation and to contain his bursting curiosity, but soon his inquisitive nature got the better of him and he could no longer resist the question; “Miss Biddy”, he said, “I wonder if you would tell me about this?”, he, pointing to the bowl and its as yet unexplained floating subject matter.

“Oh, yes,” Biddy replied smiling, “Isn’t it wonderful? I was walking my dog, ‘Horatio’, through the new Thurles Park a few months ago and I found this little package on the ground. From what I could decipher from the somewhat worn directions on the package; it stated I was to place the contents on the organ, keep it damp and it would prevent the spread of disease. Could you credit this Father, I haven’t had the flu so far this winter.”

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Yoga Workshops – The Angel Shop, Baker Street, Thurles

YogaYoga Thurles Workshops.

Yoga Thurles will present two Yoga Workshops this coming weekend, especially for Tipperary’s youth.

Both these workshops will take place on this coming Saturday, August 22nd, 2015 at the popular venue; the Angel Shop, Baker Street, (Accessed off Friar Street, or via the Parnell Street Car park) here in Thurles.

The first Workshop will begin with ‘Yoga for Children’, ages 8-12 years old, from 11:00am to 1:00pm, and this will be followed by ‘Yoga for Teens’, latter whose ages range from 13-19 years old, beginning sharp at 2:00pm until 4:00pm

Children and Teen Yoga.

Children and teenage Yoga classes are both based on exploring and connecting to all around us and our inner selves. These workshops will explore why Yoga, in recent times, has become so popular; such as:-

(1) How does Yoga benefit the body and mind, helping us to find simple ways to rebalance in our busy everyday lives.
(2) What different postures do for us and how the body works better from a simple Yoga practice.
(3) How to breathe better and why we should.
(4) How to tell when we are stressed and what we can do to reduce this stress.

This Saturday, these workshops will be led by M/s Marie Mills, latter a ‘Stress Reduction Specialist’ and ‘Yoga Practitioner’ here in Thurles and the upcoming workshops will cover topics such as; mindfulness, meditation, relaxation, simple visualisations, mind mapping and creative bursts.

Reading will also comes alive with Yoga and is a highlight at these workshops, with those attending using and creating various postures to bring the story alive. Yoga Thurles always remind students, “if it’s not fun…it’s not Yoga”.

Note: The cost of these workshops is €20 for each workshop and Booking is Essential.

For further information contact Marie Mills on Tel: 086-1778369 or why not visit www.yogamariemills.com or the Yoga Thurles Facebook page.

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